Psychological Tips for Effective Studying
PART 2 of 2
Concentration is the ability to direct oneís thinking in whatever
direction one would intend. We all have the ability to concentrate
Think of the time when you were engrossed in super novel or in
a cinema -Total concentration. But at other times your thoughts
are scattered and you mind races from one thing to another. Learn
and practice concentration strategies.
Poor concentration- External causes
Revision is a process of looking over past work as preparation
for examination. It is an activity which can produce good results
and reduce Ďexam nervesí if it is carefully planned and carried
out in a systematic way. Black coffee and sleepless nights just
before your exams rarely allow you to do justice to your talents.
Towards end of a course, a review of your completed written work
and of past examination papers will often indicate the existence
of close links between exam questions and essays, assignments and
project work. On this basis, you select your own best work and use
it for revision. Work, which has been less successful, should contain
advice from a tutor and this can be followed up.
What revisions can do for you:
* Extends your ability to assess your own knowledge and understanding.
* Provides an opportunity to analyze this in relation to the requirements
of the examination.
* Enable you to pass examination and gain recognition for your
GUIDELINES FOR SUCCESSFUL REVISION
* Make sure you know well in advance the topics to be covered in
the particular exam.
* Keep copies of all course documents, projects, essay questions,
title of assignments and reading list on file.
* Make this the basis of your revision. Resist the temptation to
try to start your course all over again from the beginning.
* Review your own the assessed work, making a selection of that
with the best grade.
* Compare your own work with the question asked as past question
* At this stage it is vital that you will have enough material
to answer all the likely questions.
* If you decide on to expand what you have already got, look at
less successful papers and see if you can improve them by careful
editing, filling in gaps, correcting errors of fact or understanding.
* Reduce each piece of work to note form.
Avoid overload. Organize your hours to include ample time for rest,
relaxation, sleep, eating, exercising and socializing. Break the
study time into manageable amounts of time to avoid boredom and
loss of concentration. Sessions lasting 20-30 minutes are the best
Studying for six half hour sessions is much more effective than
studying for 3 straight hours.
Donít put everything off until the last minute.
PRACTICE EFFECTIVE STUDY TECHNIQUES
Have appropriate study environments.
Split large task into more manageable tasks.
Read for comprehension rather than get to the end of the chapter.
Be prepared to ask questions as they come up during study, rather
than waiting until just before and exam.
Donít wait until the last minute to complete your projects.
Read the syllabus as soon as you get it and note all due dates(
and milestone times) on your calendar.
Be a model student.
Be attentive and participative in the class and punctual, prepared
and eager to learn.
BE ABLE TO BE FLEXIBILE
The unexpected happenings, e.g. Sickness, need to be able to fit
into our schedule.
Know how to rearrange your schedule when necessary (so that it
doesnít manage you, but you manage it).
HAVE A VISION
Donít forget the big picture.
Why are you doing the task? Is it important for your long-term
goals? Have and follow a personal mission statement (personal and
career) Are your activities ultimately helping you to achieve your
Know what is important to you.
(What do you value most)
Have a positive attitude.
Dr. Hari S.Chandran, M.Phil (Psy), Ph.D, PGDPC is working as Cons.
Psychologist, Department of Deaddiction & Mental Health, St. Gregorios
Mission Hospital, Parumala. Kerala, firstname.lastname@example.org